Meaning of Human Resource planning
According to E.W.Vetter viewed Human Resource planning as “a process by which an organisation should move from its current manpower position to its desired manpower position.Though planning management strives to have the right number and right kind of people at the right place at the right time , doing things which result in both the organisation and the individual receiving maximum long run benefit”
According to Robbins and Coulter,”Human Resource planning is the process by which management ensure that it has the right number and kinds of people in the right place,and at the right times ,who are capable of effectively and efficiently completing those tasks that will help the organisation acheive its overall objectives”.
According to E.B. Geisler,”Human Resource planning is the process including forecasting ,developing and controlling by which management ensures that it has the right number of people and right kind of people at the right place at the right time doing work which they are economically most useful.”
Objectives of Human Resource planning
The objectives of Human Resource planning are as follows:
- To ensure optimum use of Human Resource currently employed.
- To assess or forecast future skill requirements.
- To provide control measures to ensures that neccessary resources are available as and when required.
- To obtain and retain quantity and quality of Human Resource it needs.
- To anticipate the problems arising from potential surpluses or deficits of Human Resource
Types of HR Planning
The types of HR Planning are as follows:
Micro Level Planning
When the organisation is planning for manpower requirements within a single unit,it is called micro level planning in the organisation.Example:Human Resource planning prepared by an organisation for itself for next 5 years.
Macro Level Planning
When the organisation undertakes Human Resource planning for the entire country it is called macro level planning . The objective in macro level planning are to undertake planning for the entire country .Example:plan prepared by Ministry of HRD
Factors affecting Human Resource plan
The factors affecting Human Resource planning are as follows:
External factors include Government policies ,the policies of government like labour policy,industrial relations policy etc affect Human Resource planning
External business environment factors influences the volume and mix of production and thereby the future demand for Human Resource
International factors like the demand for and supply of Human Resources in various countries.
Level of Technology
Level of technology determines the kinds of Human Resource required
Internal factors include company strategies, Human Resource policies, job analysis ,time horizons and so on.