What is the full form of PWD?
PWD Full Form is Public Works Department.The Public Works Department is a government agency responsible for the construction, maintenance, and management of public infrastructure such as roads, bridges, buildings, water supply systems, sewage systems, and other public facilities.
The Public Works Department plays a crucial role in the development and upkeep of public infrastructure to support the needs of the general public.The Public Works Department (PWD) typically has several roles and responsibilities related to infrastructure development and maintenance
Roles and Responsibilities of PWD
There are numerous roles and responsibilities of PWD.They are as follows:-
- The PWD is responsible for planning and designing public infrastructure projects such as roads, bridges, buildings, water supply systems, drainage systems, and other public facilities
- One responsibility is to oversees the construction, repair, and maintenance of public infrastructure
- They are often responsible for the management of roads and transportation systems within their jurisdiction.
- Involvement in the management of water supply systems, including the construction and maintenance of water treatment plants, reservoirs, pipelines, and distribution networks.
- They plays a vital role in disaster management by ensuring the resilience of critical infrastructure and coordinating emergency response efforts during natural disasters or other emergencies.
- They are responsible for managing public buildings, such as government offices, schools, hospitals, and community centers.
- PWD may have responsibilities related to environmental conservation and sustainable development.
Who Regulates PWD?
In India, the Public Works Departments (PWDs) are regulated and overseen by various authorities at different levels of government. Here is a breakdown of the regulatory bodies for PWDs in India:
1. Central Public Works Department (CPWD):
At the central level, the Central Public Works Department is responsible for the construction and maintenance of central government buildings and infrastructure projects. CPWD is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
2. State PWDs:
Each state in India has its own Public Works Department responsible for the construction, maintenance, and management of public infrastructure within that state. These state-level PWDs are regulated by the respective state governments.
3. Urban Development Departments:
In urban areas, the urban development departments at the state level play a significant role in regulating and overseeing the PWDs responsible for urban infrastructure development and maintenance. These departments are responsible for formulating policies, providing guidance, and allocating funds for urban infrastructure projects.
4. Rural Development Departments:
In rural areas, the rural development departments at the state level are involved in regulating and overseeing PWDs responsible for rural infrastructure development and maintenance. These departments focus on rural road construction, water supply, sanitation, and other infrastructure projects.
5. Local Municipal Bodies:
PWDs operating at the local level, such as municipal corporations, city councils, or panchayats, are regulated by the respective local governing bodies. These bodies have the authority to oversee infrastructure projects within their jurisdiction and ensure compliance with relevant regulations.
The Elegibility criteria for PWD are as follows:
|Age Range||18 to 45 years.|
|Educational Qualification||Completed secondary education from a recognized board.|
What is the Full Form of CGPWD?
CGPWD refers to Chhattisgarh Public Works Department. The Chhattisgarh Public Works Department is the government agency responsible for the construction, maintenance, and management of public infrastructure in the state of Chhattisgarh, India.
PWD Official Website
There are websites based on PWD regulated by different bodies like state , City wise etc.This is the list of some sites based on its regulations:
|2.||UP PWD||UP PWD|
|3.||State PWD||State PWD|
|4.||Goa PWD||Goa PWD|
|5.||Rajasthan PWD||Rajasthan PWD|
|6.||Uttarakhand PWD||Uttarakhand PWD|
|7.||Haryana PWD||Haryana PWD|
|8.||MP PWD||MP PWD|
|10.||Punjab PWD||Punjab PWD|
|11.||West Bengal PWD||West Bengal PWD|
History of PWD in India
The history of the Public Works Department (PWD) in India dates back to the colonial era.
1. Colonial Era:
During the British colonial period, the PWD was established to oversee the construction and maintenance of public infrastructure across British India. The department was responsible for building roads, bridges, railways, canals, and other essential infrastructure projects to facilitate colonial administration, trade, and transportation.
After India gained independence in 1947, the PWD continued to play a crucial role in nation-building. The department shifted its focus from serving colonial interests to meeting the developmental needs of the newly independent country. It played a significant role in infrastructure development, including the construction of highways, airports, ports, public buildings, and irrigation projects.
3. State-Level PWDs:
With the reorganization of states in India after independence, each state established its own Public Works Department. These state-level PWDs were responsible for infrastructure development, maintenance, and management within their respective states. The state PWDs worked in coordination with central government agencies and other departments to meet the infrastructure requirements of the growing nation.
4. Sectoral Development:
Over time, the PWD’s responsibilities expanded to encompass various sectors such as roads, buildings, water supply, irrigation, and transportation. Different wings or divisions were set up within the PWD to specialize in these specific areas and address the diverse infrastructure needs of the country.
5. Technological Advancements:
The PWD in India has witnessed technological advancements in infrastructure construction and management. This includes the adoption of modern engineering practices, use of advanced construction techniques, implementation of computer-aided design (CAD) and project management systems, and incorporation of sustainable and environmentally friendly approaches.
6. Decentralization and Reforms:
In recent years, there has been a push for decentralization and reforms in the PWDs across India. The focus has been on improving governance, transparency, efficiency, and project delivery. Efforts have been made to streamline processes, enhance project monitoring and evaluation, promote public-private partnerships (PPPs), and embrace digital technologies for better infrastructure management.
CPWDS refers to the Central Public Works Department Services in India. The Central Public Works Department (CPWD) is a central government agency responsible for the construction and maintenance of central government buildings and infrastructure projects in India. CPWD provides engineering and construction services to various central government ministries, departments, and organizations.
Salary of PWD Engineer
The average salary of a PWD in India ranges between For entry-level positions, such as Junior Engineers or Assistant Engineer approximately ₹25,000 to ₹45,000 per month.Mid-level positions, such as Executive Engineers or Assistant Executive Engineers, the average salary can range from approximately ₹50,000 to ₹80,000 per month. senior-level positions, such as Superintending Engineers or Chief Engineers, the average salary can range from ₹1 lakh to ₹2 lakhs or more per month